SPECIAL OPERATIONS: AAF AID TO EUROPEAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS
BIBLIOTEKA

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I RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS AND ALLIED POLICIES1
    Resistance Movements in Occupied Europe2
    Functions and Needs of Resistance Groups8
    Allied Policy of Support for Resistance Movements9
II ESTABLISIHMENT OF ALLIED AGENCIES AND AIR UNITS FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS
    Definition and Origin of Special Operations14
    Special Operations Agencies in the Mediterranean Theater15
    Allied Missions with the Yugoslav Partisans17
    Air Units in Special Operations, Mediterranean Theater19
        Evolution of the 334 (SD) Wing (RAF)19
        Evolution of the 2641st Special Group (Prov) (AAF)22
        Twelfth Air Force Troop Carrier Units in Special Operations26
        The Balkan Air Force28
        The Russian Group at Bari29
    Evolution of the 492d Bombardment Group in the United Kingdom32
III PLANNING AND EXECUTION OF MISSIONS TO RESISTANCE GROUPS
    Special Duty Aircraft and Training of Crews37
    Planning Supply Missions in the Mediterranean Theater41
    Planning CARPETBAGGER Missions44
    Loading Supply Droppers46
    Difficulties Encountered En Route to Targets49
    Techniques ot Supply Dropping51
    Landing Missions and Landing Grounds56
IV SUPPLY OPERATIONS TO WESTERN EUROPE AND POLAND
    CARPETBAGGER Activities from January to September 194460
    North African Supply of the Maquis in Southern France66
    Mass Drops by the 3d Air Division to Southern France69
    Supply Missions to Poland75
    Enemy Countermeasures77
V SUPPLY OFERATIONS TO THE BALKANS AND ITALY
    Allied Aid for Yugoslav Partisans to the End of 194381
    AAF Supply Missions to Yugoslavia and Albania83
        62d Troop Carrier Group Operations, February-March194484
        60th Troop Carrier Group Operations, April-October 194486
        The Final Period, October 1944-May 194592
        Evaluation99
    Missions to Greece and Other Balkan Areas102
    Missions to North107
VI INFILTRATION AND EVACUATION
    General Infiltration Missions113
    Special Infiltration Missions115
    Air Evacuation of Allied Agents118
    Routine Evacuation from the Balkans120
    Large-Scale Evacuations requested by Marshal Tito123
    Evacuation of Allied Aircrews129
VII LEAFLET OPERATIONS FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM AND ITALY
    Production and types of Propaganda Leaflets135
    AAF Units Engaged in Leaflet Dropping139
    Techniques of Leaflet Dropping143
    Nickeling Operations from the United Kingdom145
    Nickeling Operations in the Mediterranean Theater152
GLOSSARY159
FOOTNOTES160
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE205
APPENDIX
1. Organization of Special Operations, Mediterranean Theater, December 1943206
2. Organization of Special Operations, Mediterranean Theater, April 1944207
3.. Organization of Special Operations, Mediterranean Theater, June1944208
4. AAF, RAF, and Dominion Aircraft Engaged in Special Operations, MTO209
5. Stations of Principal AAF Units Engaged in Special Operations, MTO210
6. Operational Cycle of CARPETBAGGER Missions211
7. CARPETBAGGER Operations, January-September 1944215
8. CARPETBAGGER Operations by Countries. January-September 1944216
9. Special Operations by Eighth Air Force Aircraft Based in the United Kingdom, January 1944-April 1945217
10. Special Operations, 51st Troop Carrier Squadron, February-March 1944218
11. Special Operations, 11th Troop Carrier Squadron, 1-30 June 1944220
12. Supply or Balkan Partisans by the 60th Troop Carrier Group, 1 April to 17 October 1944223
13. Special Operations, Mediterranean Theater, September 1944224
14. Supply Deliveries to Yugoslavia and Albania, October 1944-April 1945225
15. Supply Operations in the Mediterranean Theater226
16. Special Operations to Italy, August 1944-April 1945232
17. A Week Leaflet-Dropping Activities, Eighth¬łAir Force, 19-25 February 1945234
18. Example of Leaflet Distribution on Regular Bombing Missions: Leaflet Distribution, Berlin, by Eighth Air Force236
19. Tons of Leaflets Dropped by All Eighth Air Force Units by Months, October 1943-May 1945238
20. Leaflet Operations of the Special Leanat Squadron, October 1943-Aprl1 1945239
21. Tons of Leaflets Dropped Throughout the War by Special Duty Aircraft240
22. Account of a Mission to Greece,10-11 November 1944242
23. A Carpetbagger with the French Forces of the Interior244
INDEX249
BIBLIOTEKA